Economics of gender: Singapore's older generations

Pundarik Mukhopadhaya, G. Shantakumar

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

In Singapore, older women (and men) are likely to be 'marginalized' by the global labour market. Their higher incidence of disability, smaller savings, short work histories, and lower incomes from less commensurate qualifications and skills contribute to old age insecurity. Widowhood increases their vulnerability and high family dependency, which may not guarantee sustained welfare. Formal old age support by the State is a necessary condition for income security to lessen past inequities and life-course shortcomings. This paper analyses the economic situation of older Singapore women (and men) and focuses on appropriate income security policy, based on two and a half decades of available socio-economic data (1980-2005). Universal suffrage and widespread education, and the Women's Charter (1961) should translate into women development, but there are gaps through inadequate social security (which is employment-based), exemplifying lack of concerted government effort amidst globalization policies manifested through labour market discrimination and segmented wage systems, unequal benefits and increasing old age disability, calling for long-term healthcare financing and management.

LanguageEnglish
Pages339-377
Number of pages39
JournalJournal of Interdisciplinary Economics
Volume21
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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Singapore
Economics of gender
Old age
Income
Education
Government
Older women
Work history
Socio-economics
Low income
Financing
Social security
Inequity
Vulnerability
Labor market discrimination
Guarantee
Labour market
Charter
Qualification
Life course

Cite this

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Economics of gender : Singapore's older generations. / Mukhopadhaya, Pundarik; Shantakumar, G.

In: Journal of Interdisciplinary Economics, Vol. 21, No. 4, 2009, p. 339-377.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

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