Ediacaran-Cambrian paleogeography and geodynamic setting of the Central Iberian Zone: constraints from coupled U-Pb-Hf isotopes of detrital zircons

David Orejana*, Enrique Merino Martínez, Carlos Villaseca, Tom Andersen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The combination of U-Pb geochronology and Hf isotopes in detrital zircons represents a valuable tool in the characterization of sediment sources and paleographic reconstructions. This analytical methodology has been applied to seven Neoproterozoic to Lower Cambrian metasedimentary rocks from the northern and southern domains of the Central Iberian Zone (CIZ), which represent part of the Cadomian basement in the Iberian Massif. The samples collected in the southern domain (belonging to the Schist-Greywacke Complex) yield Ediacaran maximum depositional ages (582-550 Ma), whereas samples from northern areas range from 588 to 536 Ma, respectively in the Talavera and the Guadarrama sectors. A relatively large fraction of zircon grains gave anomalously young ages (~500-320 Ma), probably due to post-depositional lead loss induced by thermal overprints. Zircon U-Pb age distribution provide similar broad age ranges in all cases: abundant Ediacaran-Late Cryogenian zircons (540-700 Ma), and less abundant ages in the following ranges: 700-850 Ma, 880-1100 Ma, 1900-2250 Ma and 2400-2800 Ma. However, the southern CIZ samples display an important juvenile input at ca. 1000-1075. Ma, 800 Ma and in the range 700-570 Ma, which contrasts with the mostly recycled nature of the northern CIZ zircons. The Ediacaran juvenile signatures can be derived from the nearby Cadomian arc, as sedimentation likely occurred in a back-arc setting, but Early Cryogenian and Stenian juvenile peaks are more characteristic of basement rocks from NE Africa, so the CIZ was likely situated near the Saharan Metacraton and the Arabian-Nubian Shield during Late Ediacaran. On the other hand, the predominance of evolved components in the younger northern CIZ sediments implies important geodynamic modifications in northern Gondwana at the Ediacaran-Cambrian boundary. The differences between southern and northern CIZ metasedimentary rocks can be interpreted as a transition from a back-arc scenario to development of new basins after the arc collision against the main continent. In this context, the arc signature would decline and the influence of hinterland more mature regions would increase.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)234-251
Number of pages18
JournalPrecambrian Research
Volume261
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Iberian Massif
  • Central Iberian Zone
  • Northern Gondwana
  • U–Pb–Hf isotopes
  • Detrital zircons
  • Cadomian orogeny

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