Effect of GABA-fortified oolong tea on reducing stress in a university student cohort

Tina Hinton, Herbert F. Jelinek*, Vincent Viengkhou, Graham A. Johnston, Slade Matthews

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

GABA-containing tea has gained popularity as an accessible intervention to reduce the impact of chronic stress-induced autonomic imbalance and increased risk for cardiovascular disease despite a lack of evidence concerning the γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) content in a cup of the tea and its effects on physiological and psychological stress as measures of cognitive function. We aimed to measure the effects of GABA-fortified tea consumption on heart rate variability (HRV) and stress in 30 participants using a pre-post cohort study design. Ten minute lead II ECG recordings were analyzed with Kubios software. Frequency domain parameters including total power, high and low frequency power, along with heart rate, were determined. A control group that consumed a non-fortified tea was included in the research. Statistical analysis was by two-way ANOVA for two-group comparison with time as an interaction and a significance level of p < 0.05. Oolong tea consumption led to a significant decrease in the immediate stress score and a significant improvement in HRV. We conclude that autonomic imbalance and HRV in people with acute stress is significantly reduced following a cup of GABA fortified oolong tea and highlights the complex interaction between autonomic nervous system function and mood.

Original languageEnglish
Article number27
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalFrontiers in Nutrition
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Mar 2019

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2019. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

Keywords

  • Autonomic nervous system
  • GABA
  • Heart rate variability
  • Oolong tea
  • Stress

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    Hinton, T., Jelinek, H. F., Viengkhou, V., Johnston, G. A., & Matthews, S. (2019). Effect of GABA-fortified oolong tea on reducing stress in a university student cohort. Frontiers in Nutrition, 6, 1-8. [27]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnut.2019.00027