Effect of phacoemulsification cataract surgery on intraocular pressure in early glaucoma

a prospective multi-site study

Ayub Qassim*, Mark J. Walland, John Landers, Mona Awadalla, Thi Nguyen, Jason Loh, Angela M. Schulz, Bronwyn Ridge, Anna Galanopoulos, Ashish Agar, Alex W. Hewitt, Stuart L. Graham, Paul R. Healey, Robert J. Casson, Jamie E. Craig

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Importance: Cataract and primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) commonly co-exist, and cataract surgery is thought to reduce intraocular pressure (IOP), the major modifiable risk factor of POAG. Background: Previous studies exploring the effect of cataract surgery on IOP are limited by retrospective design, lack of a control group, medication use and washout and loss to follow up. Design: Prospective, multicentre, matched case-control Australian study. Participants: 171 eyes of 108 POAG patients who underwent cataract surgery, matched to 171 control eyes. Methods: Serial longitudinal IOP measurements were compared before and after cataract surgery, and relative to the controls. A mixed-effect model was used for the longitudinal data. Main Outcome Measures: Change in IOP. Results: The mean follow-up time was 4.8 (1.4) years. Cataract surgery reduced mean IOP by 2.22 mmHg (95% confidence interval: 1.93-2.52 mmHg, P <.001) with 59 eyes (34%) achieving at least 3 mmHg reduction. Compared to matched controls, the mean reduction in IOP was 1.75 mmHg (95% confidence interval 1.15-2.33 mmHg; P <.001). Higher preoperative IOP and being on fewer topical glaucoma medications preoperatively were strongly predictive of a larger IOP reduction in a multivariable model. Anterior chamber depth was not associated with IOP reduction. Eyes with preoperative IOP ≥24 mmHg had a mean IOP reduction of 4.03 mmHg with 81% experiencing at least 3 mmHg reduction. Sub-analysis of medication naïve and pseudoexfoliation patients showed similar results. Conclusions and Relevance: Cataract surgery has a confirmed effect in reducing IOP in a “real world” setting of early glaucoma patients.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages8
JournalClinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Early online date7 Feb 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 7 Feb 2020

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Keywords

  • biometry
  • cataract
  • cataract surgery
  • open-angle glaucoma
  • phacoemulsification

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