Effect of plant oils on quality parameters of Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt) reared on liquid larval diet

M. Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Liquid larval diets have been developed for several tephritid fruit flies including Queensland fruit fly, Bactrocera tryoni (Frogatt) (Q-fly). In liquid diets, wheat germ oil (WGO) is usually added to improve performance in some quality parameters of reared flies, especially flight ability. However, for some flies, other plant oils may be more readily available, cheaper or produce flies of superior performance. In the present study, four alternative types of plant oils – rice bran, canola, vegetable, and sesame – were incorporated into a fruit fly liquid larval diet to replace the currently used wheat germ oil and their efficacy on the quality parameters of reared Q-fly was compared to diets containing wheat germ oil or no oil. The quality parameters included: total pupal yield (N), pupal recovery (%), larval duration (days), pupal weight (mg), adult emergence (%), adult fliers (%), rate of fliers (%), sex ratio (%), F₁ egg/female/day and egg hatching (%). There were significant differences among treatments in performance of Q-fly. Vegetable oil appeared better in terms of total pupal yield, percentage of pupal recovery, percentage of adult emergence, percentage of fliers, mean egg/female/day and % F₁ egg hatch compared with other oil treatments, especially from that of WGO treated diet. The result suggests that WGO can be substituted with rice bran and vegetable oil to improve the liquid larval diet for rearing of B. tryoni, with vegetable oil being the best replacement.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)280-288
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Applied Entomology
Volume139
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2015

Keywords

  • Liquid larval diet
  • Plant oils
  • Queensland fruit fly
  • Sterile insect technique

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