Effect of TiO2 support on immobilization of cobalt porphyrin for electrochemical CO2 reduction

Shengshen Gu, Aleksei N. Marianov, Haimei Xu, Yijiao Jiang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Electrochemical reduction of CO2 is a promising strategy to manage the global carbon balance by transforming CO2 into chemicals. The efficiency of CO2 electroreduction is largely dependent on the design of hybrid electrode where both support and catalyst govern the performance of the electrolyzer. In this work, TiO2 calcined at different temperatures, was used as a support for immobilization of cobalt tetraphenyl porphyrin (CoTPP) and its effect on CO2 reduction was studied. It is demonstrated that the crystalline phase of TiO2 and doping of TiO2 apparently affecting CO2 electroreduction. It is found that anatase phase exhibits higher activity and selectivity compared to rutile due to the enhanced conductivity which in turn enables faster electron transfer between the support and CoTPP. As for dopants, the carbon doping in anatase TiO2 is proven to further enhance its conductivity, consequently resulting in the enhanced performance. This study implies that the rational design of supports is important for the performance of the hybrid electrode towards electrochemical CO2 reduction.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20-27
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Science and Technology
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jul 2021


  • CO₂ electroreduction
  • Cobalt porphyrin
  • Immobilization
  • TiO₂ support
  • Carbon doping


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