减压浓缩对沼液CO2吸收性能和植物生理毒性的影响

Translated title of the contribution: Effect of vacuum concentration on CO2 absorption performance and phytotoxicity of biogas slurry

Qingyao He, Wenchao Wang, Kai Cai, Shuiping Yan*, Yanlin Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Raw biogas slurry (RBS) was concentrated to obtain the concentrated biogas slurry (CBS) and the diluted phase (DP) condensed by the gas phase under the conditions of 50℃ and 2 kPa in vacuum concentration device. CO2 absorption performances of RBS, CBS and DP were investigated, and the germination index (GI) values of Chinese cabbage seeds germinated by these solutions after CO2 absorption were evaluated as well. Results showed that when the concentration degree of RBS was about 4, the pH value of CBS was increased from 7.87 to 8.73, and its saturated CO2 loading was increased by about 26.70%. Additionally, the removal efficiency of ammonium nitrogen was up to 86.41% due to the conversion of ammonium nitrogen into free ammonia and then extracted from biogas slurry by vacuum operation. Most of the free ammonia was condensed and collected into the DP. Therefore, DP's pH value and CO2 loading were up to 10.05 and 0.075 mol/L, respectively. However, the net CO2 absorption capacity contributed by CBS and DP was 21.3% lower than that of RBS due to the volatile loss of ammonia during concentration. Results from the germination of Chinese cabbage seeds by the CO2-rich solutions of RBS, CBS and DP showed that all the GI values were higher than 0.8, implying their low phytotoxicities. The result implied that concentrating RBS may result in the decrease of the cropland area required to dispose the biogas slurry. Moreover, CO2 absorption enhancement by adding different additives was investigated and compared as well. Aiming at the same saturated CO2 loading value, adding sodium salts into biogas slurry was superior to adding ammonia additives in terms of low phytotoxicity, which may be attributed to the great increase of ammonium nitrogen concentration in the latter solutions.

Original languageChinese
Pages (from-to)200-207
Number of pages8
JournalNongye Jixie Xuebao/Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery
Volume47
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Feb 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • biogas slurry
  • CO absorption
  • phytotoxicity
  • vacuum concentration

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