Effectiveness of Health Belief Model based educational intervention on osteoporosis health belief scale among female academician in Malaysia

Samia Amin, Hejar Abdul Rahman, Suriani Ismail, Emilia Zainal Abidin

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Abstract

Worldwide the burden of osteoporosis is increasing as both prevalence and incidence of osteoporosis and its related fracture is increasing. Health Belief Model is appropriate as a conceptual model for prevention of disease behavior. The objective of this study was to develop and evaluate the effect of an educational intervention based on Health Belief Model regarding osteoporosis belief among female academician in Malaysia. A single blinded randomized controlled trial was conducted among 212 female academicians; intervention was conducted for 12 weeks; data was collected at baseline, immediately, one month and three months after intervention. Data was analyzed by Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 20. After intervention, from baseline to three months follow up there was a significant increase in the mean score of beliefs (215.2 - 225.1, p<0.001). Controlling for baseline socio-demographic data, the GLM model showed a significant difference between groups (F=8.403, p<0.001) and within groups for beliefs score (F=13.806, p<0.001).These results provided evidence for the effectiveness of an educational intervention in promoting osteoporosis knowledge which suggests that increase knowledge on osteoporosis can improve exercise and calcium intake even after three months of intervention, but policy should implement for long term intervention to sustain this effectiveness.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)464-471
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Life Sciences Research
Volume6
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

Keywords

  • osteoporosis
  • belief
  • female
  • Health Belief Model
  • Malaysia

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