Effectiveness of Health Belief Model based educational intervention on osteoporosis self-efficacy scale among female academician in Malaysia

Samia Amin, Hejar Abdul Rahman, Suriani Ismail, Emilia Zainal Abidin

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Abstract

The unawareness, under recognition and the consequential under treatment of osteoporosis in the primary care setting remain a global problem which should be addressed. Our current study provides insight into the importance of proper dissemination and implementation of the health education program to assess the osteoporosis self-efficacy based on Health Belief Model among female academician in Malaysia. A single blinded randomized controlled trial was conducted among 212 female academicians; intervention was conducted for 12 weeks; data was collected at baseline, immediately, one month and three months after intervention. Data was analyzed by Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 20. After intervention, from baseline to three months follow up there was a significant increase in the mean score of self-efficacy (22.4-25.9, p<0.001). Controlling for baseline socio-demographic data, the GLM model showed a significant difference between groups (F=4.68, p<0.001) and within groups for self -efficacy score (F=9.73, p<0.001). In conclusion, Health Belief Model had a positive effect on increasing self-efficacy, this study could be used as a model for promoting a healthy lifestyle in order to prevent osteoporosis in early stage.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)638-642
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Interdisciplinary Research and Innovations
Volume6
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

Keywords

  • osteoporosis
  • belief
  • female
  • Health Belief Model
  • Malaysia

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