Effects of a minimalist shoe on running economy and 5-km running performance

Joel T. Fuller, Dominic Thewlis, Margarita D. Tsiros, Nicholas A T Brown, Jonathan D. Buckley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine if minimalist shoes improve time trial performance of trained distance runners and if changes in running economy, shoe mass, stride length, stride rate and footfall pattern were related to any difference in performance. Twenty-six trained runners performed three 6-min sub-maximal treadmill runs at 11, 13 and 15km·h−1 in minimalist and conventional shoes while running economy, stride length, stride rate and footfall pattern were assessed. They then performed a 5-km time trial. In the minimalist shoe, runners completed the trial in less time (effect size 0.20±0.12), were more economical during sub-maximal running (effect size 0.33±0.14) and decreased stride length (effect size 0.22±0.10) and increased stride rate (effect size 0.22±0.11). All but one runner ran with a rearfoot footfall in the minimalist shoe. Improvements in time trial performance were associated with improvements in running economy at 15km·h−1 (r=0.58), with 79% of the improved economy accounted for by reduced shoe mass (P<0.05). The results suggest that running in minimalist shoes improves running economy and 5-km running performance.

LanguageEnglish
Pages1740-1745
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of sports sciences
Volume34
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Sep 2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Shoes

Keywords

  • Footstrike
  • Footwear
  • Oxygen uptake

Cite this

Fuller, Joel T. ; Thewlis, Dominic ; Tsiros, Margarita D. ; Brown, Nicholas A T ; Buckley, Jonathan D. / Effects of a minimalist shoe on running economy and 5-km running performance. In: Journal of sports sciences. 2016 ; Vol. 34, No. 18. pp. 1740-1745.
@article{038ba5b29d024f5ba4ba3b2c85a2ac44,
title = "Effects of a minimalist shoe on running economy and 5-km running performance",
abstract = "The purpose of this study was to determine if minimalist shoes improve time trial performance of trained distance runners and if changes in running economy, shoe mass, stride length, stride rate and footfall pattern were related to any difference in performance. Twenty-six trained runners performed three 6-min sub-maximal treadmill runs at 11, 13 and 15km·h−1 in minimalist and conventional shoes while running economy, stride length, stride rate and footfall pattern were assessed. They then performed a 5-km time trial. In the minimalist shoe, runners completed the trial in less time (effect size 0.20±0.12), were more economical during sub-maximal running (effect size 0.33±0.14) and decreased stride length (effect size 0.22±0.10) and increased stride rate (effect size 0.22±0.11). All but one runner ran with a rearfoot footfall in the minimalist shoe. Improvements in time trial performance were associated with improvements in running economy at 15km·h−1 (r=0.58), with 79{\%} of the improved economy accounted for by reduced shoe mass (P<0.05). The results suggest that running in minimalist shoes improves running economy and 5-km running performance.",
keywords = "Footstrike, Footwear, Oxygen uptake",
author = "Fuller, {Joel T.} and Dominic Thewlis and Tsiros, {Margarita D.} and Brown, {Nicholas A T} and Buckley, {Jonathan D.}",
year = "2016",
month = "9",
day = "16",
doi = "10.1080/02640414.2015.1136071",
language = "English",
volume = "34",
pages = "1740--1745",
journal = "Journal of sports sciences",
issn = "0264-0414",
publisher = "Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group",
number = "18",

}

Effects of a minimalist shoe on running economy and 5-km running performance. / Fuller, Joel T.; Thewlis, Dominic; Tsiros, Margarita D.; Brown, Nicholas A T; Buckley, Jonathan D.

In: Journal of sports sciences, Vol. 34, No. 18, 16.09.2016, p. 1740-1745.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of a minimalist shoe on running economy and 5-km running performance

AU - Fuller, Joel T.

AU - Thewlis, Dominic

AU - Tsiros, Margarita D.

AU - Brown, Nicholas A T

AU - Buckley, Jonathan D.

PY - 2016/9/16

Y1 - 2016/9/16

N2 - The purpose of this study was to determine if minimalist shoes improve time trial performance of trained distance runners and if changes in running economy, shoe mass, stride length, stride rate and footfall pattern were related to any difference in performance. Twenty-six trained runners performed three 6-min sub-maximal treadmill runs at 11, 13 and 15km·h−1 in minimalist and conventional shoes while running economy, stride length, stride rate and footfall pattern were assessed. They then performed a 5-km time trial. In the minimalist shoe, runners completed the trial in less time (effect size 0.20±0.12), were more economical during sub-maximal running (effect size 0.33±0.14) and decreased stride length (effect size 0.22±0.10) and increased stride rate (effect size 0.22±0.11). All but one runner ran with a rearfoot footfall in the minimalist shoe. Improvements in time trial performance were associated with improvements in running economy at 15km·h−1 (r=0.58), with 79% of the improved economy accounted for by reduced shoe mass (P<0.05). The results suggest that running in minimalist shoes improves running economy and 5-km running performance.

AB - The purpose of this study was to determine if minimalist shoes improve time trial performance of trained distance runners and if changes in running economy, shoe mass, stride length, stride rate and footfall pattern were related to any difference in performance. Twenty-six trained runners performed three 6-min sub-maximal treadmill runs at 11, 13 and 15km·h−1 in minimalist and conventional shoes while running economy, stride length, stride rate and footfall pattern were assessed. They then performed a 5-km time trial. In the minimalist shoe, runners completed the trial in less time (effect size 0.20±0.12), were more economical during sub-maximal running (effect size 0.33±0.14) and decreased stride length (effect size 0.22±0.10) and increased stride rate (effect size 0.22±0.11). All but one runner ran with a rearfoot footfall in the minimalist shoe. Improvements in time trial performance were associated with improvements in running economy at 15km·h−1 (r=0.58), with 79% of the improved economy accounted for by reduced shoe mass (P<0.05). The results suggest that running in minimalist shoes improves running economy and 5-km running performance.

KW - Footstrike

KW - Footwear

KW - Oxygen uptake

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84954147344&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/02640414.2015.1136071

DO - 10.1080/02640414.2015.1136071

M3 - Article

VL - 34

SP - 1740

EP - 1745

JO - Journal of sports sciences

T2 - Journal of sports sciences

JF - Journal of sports sciences

SN - 0264-0414

IS - 18

ER -