Effects of emergent-level structure on melodic processing difficulty

Frank A. Russo*, William Forde Thompson, Lola L. Cuddy

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    4 Citations (Scopus)
    52 Downloads (Pure)


    FOUR EXPERIMENTS ASSESSED THE INFLUENCE of emergent-level structure on melodic processing difficulty. Emergent-level structure was manipulated across experiments and defined with reference to the Implication-Realization model of melodic expectancy (Narmour, 1990, 1992, 2000). Two measures of melodic processing difficulty were used to assess the influence of emergent-level structure: serial-reconstruction and cohesion ratings. In the serial-reconstruction experiment (Experiment 1), reconstruction was more efficient for melodies with simple emergent-level structure. In the cohesion experiments (Experiments 2-4), ratings were higher for melodies with simple emergent-level structure, and the advantage was generally greater in the presence of simple surface-level structure. Results indicate that emergent-level structure as defined by the model can influence melodic processing difficulty.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)96-109
    Number of pages14
    JournalMusic Perception
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2015

    Bibliographical note

    Published as Music Perception: An Interdisciplinary Journal, Vol. 33 No. 1, September 2015; (pp. 96-109) DOI: 10.1525/mp.2015.33.1.96. © 2015 by the Regents of the University of California. Copying and permissions notice: Authorization to copy this content beyond fair use (as specified in Sections 107 and 108 of the U. S. Copyright Law) for internal or personal use, or the internal or personal use of specific clients, is granted by the Regents of the University of California for libraries and other users, provided that they are registered with and pay the specified fee via Rightslink® on Caliber (http://caliber.ucpress.net/) or directly with the Copyright Clearance Center, http://www.copyright.com.


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