Effects of fluid structure interaction in a three dimensional model of the spinal subarachnoid space

Shaokoon Cheng, David Fletcher, Sarah Hemley, Marcus Stoodley, Lynne Bilston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

It is unknown whether spinal cord motion has a significant effect on cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure and therefore the importance of including fluid structure interaction (FSI) in computational fluid dynamics models (CFD) of the spinal subarachnoid space (SAS) is unclear. This study aims to determine the effects of FSI on CSF pressure and spinal cord motion in a normal and in a stenosis model of the SAS. A three-dimensional patient specific model of the SAS and spinal cord were constructed from MR anatomical images and CSF flow rate measurements obtained from a healthy human being. The area of SAS at spinal level T4 was constricted by 20% to represent the stenosis model. FSI simulations in both models were performed by running ANSYS CFX and ANSYS Mechanical in tandem. Results from this study show that the effect of FSI on CSF pressure is only about 1% in both the normal and stenosis models and therefore show that FSI has a negligible effect on CSF pressure.

LanguageEnglish
Pages2826-2830
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biomechanics
Volume47
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Aug 2014

Fingerprint

Cerebrospinal Fluid Pressure
Cerebrospinal fluid
Subarachnoid Space
Fluid structure interaction
Spinal Cord
Pathologic Constriction
Hydrodynamics
Running
Cerebrospinal Fluid
Flow of fluids
Dynamic models
Computational fluid dynamics
Flow rate

Bibliographical note

Corrigendum can be found in Journal of Biomechanics volume 47(14), p 3590, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2014.09.024

Keywords

  • spinal cord
  • cerebrospinal fluid dynamics
  • syringomyelia

Cite this

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abstract = "It is unknown whether spinal cord motion has a significant effect on cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure and therefore the importance of including fluid structure interaction (FSI) in computational fluid dynamics models (CFD) of the spinal subarachnoid space (SAS) is unclear. This study aims to determine the effects of FSI on CSF pressure and spinal cord motion in a normal and in a stenosis model of the SAS. A three-dimensional patient specific model of the SAS and spinal cord were constructed from MR anatomical images and CSF flow rate measurements obtained from a healthy human being. The area of SAS at spinal level T4 was constricted by 20{\%} to represent the stenosis model. FSI simulations in both models were performed by running ANSYS CFX and ANSYS Mechanical in tandem. Results from this study show that the effect of FSI on CSF pressure is only about 1{\%} in both the normal and stenosis models and therefore show that FSI has a negligible effect on CSF pressure.",
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Effects of fluid structure interaction in a three dimensional model of the spinal subarachnoid space. / Cheng, Shaokoon; Fletcher, David; Hemley, Sarah; Stoodley, Marcus; Bilston, Lynne.

In: Journal of Biomechanics, Vol. 47, No. 11, 22.08.2014, p. 2826-2830.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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