Projects per year
Studies investigating the relationship between heart rate (HR) and arterial stiffness or wave reflections have commonly induced HR changes through in situ cardiac pacing. Although pacing produces consistent HR changes, hemodynamics can be different with different pacing modalities. Whether the differences affect the HR relationship with arterial stiffness or wave reflections is unknown. In the present study, 48 subjects [mean age, 78=10 (SD), 9 women] with in situ cardiac pacemakers were paced at 60, 70, 80, 90, and 100 beats per min under atrial, atrioventricular, or ventricular pacing. At each paced HR, brachial cuff-based pulse wave analysis was used to determine central hemodynamic parameters, including ejection duration (ED) and augmentation index (AIx). Wave separation analysis was used to determine wave reflection magnitude (RM) and reflection index (RI). Arterial stiffness was assessed by carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV). Pacing modality was found to have significant effects on the HR relationship with ED (P<0.01), central aortic pulse pressure (P<0.01), augmentation pressure (P 0.0001), and magnitudes of both forward and reflected waves (P<0.05 and P<0.003, respectively), but not cfPWV (P<0.57) or AIx (P<0.38). However, at a fixed HR, significant differences in pulse pressure amplification (P 0.001), AIx (P 0.0001), RM (P<0.03), and RI (P<0.03) were observed with different pacing modalities. These results demonstrate that although the HR relationships with arterial stiffness and systolic loading as measured by cfPWV and AIx were unaffected by pacing modality, it should still be taken into account for studies in which mixed pacing modalities are present, in particular, for wave reflection studies.
- Arterial stiffness
- Heart rate
- Pulse wave analysis
- Pulse wave velocity
- Wave reflection
Blood pressure control by neural activation: underlying mechanisms of electric field stimulation and photostimulation of genetically targeted neurones
15/10/12 → 31/12/16
Arterial stiffness: mechanistic role of interaction of cellular processes with the extracellular matrix
Avolio, A., Graham, R., Berkowitz, D., MQRES, M., Chinchen, G. & PhD Contribution (ARC), P. C. (.
1/01/11 → 30/04/15