PURPOSE: To assess the effects of positioning and notching of resurfaced femurs on the mechanical strength of third-generation saw bone (TGSB) femurs using an in vitro analogue bone model. METHODS: 30 TGSB femurs were equally divided into 6 resurfaced femur groups (intact, anatomic, varus, valgus, anatomically notched, and valgus notched) for testing the load to failure, stiffness, and total energy. RESULTS: Compared to the intact femurs, the load to failure in all resurfaced femurs was significantly decreased by 29 to 57%. Among the resurfaced femurs, valgus and anatomic femurs had the highest load to failure, followed by valgus notched, varus, and anatomically notched femurs. Notching weakened the construct by a further 24 to 30%. CONCLUSION: To minimise the risk of femoral neck fracture, resurfaced femoral heads should be placed in an anatomic or valgus orientation, and the superior cortex of the femoral neck should remain intact.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of orthopaedic surgery (Hong Kong)|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 2009|