Effects of positioning and notching of resurfaced femurs on femoral neck strength: a biomechanical test.

A. Nabavi*, K. M. Yeoh, L. Shidiac, R. Appleyard, R. M. Gillies, A. Turnbull

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: To assess the effects of positioning and notching of resurfaced femurs on the mechanical strength of third-generation saw bone (TGSB) femurs using an in vitro analogue bone model. METHODS: 30 TGSB femurs were equally divided into 6 resurfaced femur groups (intact, anatomic, varus, valgus, anatomically notched, and valgus notched) for testing the load to failure, stiffness, and total energy. RESULTS: Compared to the intact femurs, the load to failure in all resurfaced femurs was significantly decreased by 29 to 57%. Among the resurfaced femurs, valgus and anatomic femurs had the highest load to failure, followed by valgus notched, varus, and anatomically notched femurs. Notching weakened the construct by a further 24 to 30%. CONCLUSION: To minimise the risk of femoral neck fracture, resurfaced femoral heads should be placed in an anatomic or valgus orientation, and the superior cortex of the femoral neck should remain intact.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-50
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of orthopaedic surgery (Hong Kong)
Volume17
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2009
Externally publishedYes

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