Effects of sympathetic blockade on pressure dependent abdominal aortic stiffness in the spontaneously hypertensive rat

G. Lindesay, M. Butlin, A. Avolio

    Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting abstractpeer-review

    Abstract

    Background: Increased sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) is associated with development of hypertension in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Elevated SNA increases arteriolar smooth muscle tone affecting peripheral resistance, however, the effect on large arteries is not well established. This study aimed to assesses the effect of SNA on aortic stiffness in SHR using sympathetic blockade at different values of mean arterial pressure (MAP).

    Methods: SHR of 10–15 weeks (n=15) were anaesthetized (urethane 1.3g/kg/ml) and ventilated. Aortic blood pressure and pulse wave velocity (PWV) were measured by two high fidelity catheter-tip pressure transducers in the abdominal aorta via the carotid and femoral arteries. Aortic diameters were measured using ultrasound (6.2 MHz) with vessel tracking software (ArtLab, Esaote). Aortic compliance was calculated from diameter and pressure signals. Measurements were taken at low (70 mmHg), intermediate (140 mmHg) and high (170 mmHg) values of basal MAP and following sympathetic blockade with hexamathonium (i.v 20mg/kg). Arterial pressure was varied by bolus injection of phenylephrine (i.v 30μg/kg).

    Results: Increase in MAP was associated with increase in arterial stiffness indices. Following sympathetic blockade, there was a trend for reduction in compliance associated with a significant increase in pulse pressure at low MAP. There was no significant difference in parameters at other values of MAP.

    Conclusions: These data suggest that sympathetic blockade can potentiate a stiffening effect in the abdominal aorta at low MAP in the SHR. This may be due to reduction of smooth muscle tone transferring the load from elastin to collagen in the vessel wall.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article numberP3.16
    Pages (from-to)181
    Number of pages1
    JournalArtery Research
    Volume6
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012
    EventAssociation for Research into Arterial Structure and Physiology Conference 2012: ARTERY 2012 - Vienna, Austria
    Duration: 18 Oct 201220 Oct 2012

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