The amyloid protein precursor (APP) of Alzheimer's disease can stimulate neurite outgrowth in vitro. The receptor responsible for this effect has not been identified. Kunitz protease inhibitor (KPI)-containing forms of APP bind to the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP). As LRP may regulate neurite outgrowth, we examined whether the effects of APP are mediated by LRP. Inhibitors of LRP decreased neurite outgrowth from chick sympathetic neurons. Most LRP ligands (α-macroglobulin, lactoferrin, and lipoprotein lipase) stimulated outgrowth. However, in soluble form, the KPI- containing APP751 was a weak inhibitor of outgrowth. In substrate-bound form, both APP751 and APP695 (which does not bind to LRP) stimulated outgrowth. Thus the effect of substrate-bound APP on neurite outgrowth is not mediated by LRP.
- Amyloid protein precursor
- Apolipoprotein E
- Low- density lipoprotein receptor-related protein