Effects of Training on Time-Varying Spectral Energy and Sound Pressure Level in Nine Male Classical Singers

Sam Ferguson*, Dianna T. Kenny, Densil Cabrera

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    9 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The male classical singing voice is a musical instrument that is very important in western culture. It has many acoustic features which should change and improve over the period in which the singer trains. In this study we compare nine singers in different stages of training, from university level students through to international soloists. Typically, Energy Ratio (ER; a measure of mean spectral slope) and mean sound pressure level (SPL) may be calculated to summarize an entire singing sample. We investigate an alternative approach, by calculating the time-varying ER and SPL. The inspection of the distribution of these descriptors over an aria's time period yields a more detailed picture of the strategies for high-frequency energy production used by singers with different levels of training.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)39-46
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Voice
    Volume24
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 2010

    Keywords

    • Long-term average spectrum
    • Singer's formant
    • Singing quality

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