Effects of working temperature on separation performance, membrane scaling and cleaning in forward osmosis desalination

Shuaifei Zhao, Linda Zou*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

133 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recently forward osmosis (FO) has drawn increasing attention in wastewater treatment, brackish water/seawater desalination and power generation. It is supposed that FO has many advantages over other pressure-driven processes, such as low energy consumption, low fouling tendency, high water recovery and thus minimizing brine volume. In FO process, many parameters like osmotic pressure, fluid viscosity, mass transfer and mineral solubility are temperature dependent. In the current study, the effects of working temperature on separation performance (e.g. water fluxes and recoveries), membrane scaling and cleaning were systematically investigated through a bench-scale FO system. Both real and simulated brackish water were used as the feed solution in FO at temperatures of 25, 35 and 45 °C. Bench-scale FO experiments showed that higher temperature would afford higher initial fluxes, higher water recoveries and higher concentration factors, but also caused more adverse effects on membrane scaling and cleaning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-164
Number of pages8
JournalDesalination
Volume278
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2011
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Erratum can be found in Desalination, Volume 284, 353, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2011.10.033

Keywords

  • brackish water
  • desalination
  • forward osmosis
  • membrane scaling
  • temperature

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