Efficient gain-switched operation of a Tm-doped silica fiber laser

Stuart D. Jackson*, Terence A. King

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Citations (Scopus)


We present the results from experiments relating to a gain-switched Tm-doped silica fiber laser in which a gain-switched Nd:YAG laser is used to pump the 3H5 energy level of the Tm3+ dopant ion. This fiber laser configuration is the first example to our knowledge of a moderate energy gain-switched fiber laser which is pumped with a low-repetition-rate high-energy pulsed laser. For a near-optimized cavity, the gain-switched fiber laser produces a maximum pulse energy of 1.46 mJ at a maximum linear slope efficiency of 20% and a total optical-to-optical efficiency (with respect to the launched energy) of 19%. At low pump energies, the slope efficiency is approximately 40%, however, saturation of the output pulse energy is observed with the increase in the launched pump energy. We also present results from a numerical model that simulates 3H5-band pumping and indudes all of the known pump excited-state absorption (ESA) mechanisms and, in addition, four cross-relaxation mechanisms have aldo been included. The calculations establish that the pump ESA mechanism contributes only a small loss factor to the overall efficiency of the laser when the Tm-doped silica fiber laser is pumped at low pump energies, however, as the pump energy is increased, losses due to pump ESA limit the amount of output energy from the fiber laser. The loss mechanism is mainly attributed to pump ESA from the 3H4 upper laser level to the combined 3F2,3 energy level at low launched pump energies because of the large absorption cross section for this transition and the relatively long lifetime of the 3H4 energy level. For harder pumping conditions, the majority of the excited state population resides in the 1G4 level, inhibiting in some laser configurations gain-switching of the fiber laser until cessation of the pump pulse itself.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)779-789
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 1998
Externally publishedYes


  • Laser excitation
  • Lasers
  • Modeling
  • Neodymium:YAG lasers
  • Optical fibers, pulsed lasers


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