Elamite war chariots and military equipment at ancient Kabnak (ca. 1400 BCE)

Javier Álvarez-Mon, Yasmina Wicks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


After entering the second millennium BCE as a military superpower, Elam faded into historical obscurity upon its withdrawal from the broader Near Eastern political scene in 1763 BCE and only reemerged much later as a major player with a sequence of incursions in Mesopotamia beginning in the thirteenth century and culminating in the 1155 BCE fall of the Kassites. During the intervening centuries, neither written nor archaeological sources offer clear signs that Elamite territory had come under the authority of any foreign power. Here the authors propose that a reexamination of evidence from the ancient settlement of Kabnak (modern Haft Tepe), approximately seventeen kilometers southeast of the Elamite lowland capital of Susa, discloses a mid-fifteenth to mid-fourteenth century BCE state-controlled arsenal of war chariots and weaponry that may hold a key to comprehending Elam’s apparent continued resistance to outside forces and its rise as a military superpower in the thirteenth century.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-134
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Cuneiform Studies
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2021


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