Electronic band structure of AlxGa1-xAs/AlyGa1-yAs/GaAs double-barrier superlattices

T. Osotchan*, V. W. L. Chin, M. R. Vaughan, T. L. Tansley, E. M. Goldys

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The results of a semiempirical tight-binding calculation of conduction bands in (001) AlxGa1-xAs/AlyGa1-yAs/GaAs double-barrier superlattices are described. The parameters chosen are appropriate to the design of an Al0.3Ga0.7As/AlAs/GaAs structure for quantum-well infrared-photodetector (QWIP) applications in the 3-5-μm band. The dependence of the superlattice conduction-band energy levels on slab thicknesses, alloy compositions, and wave vector are examined. The tight-binding method has the ability to describe states far away from the center of the Brillouin zone and band mixing is shown in the characteristic energy-dependence curves. States can be identified as Γ-valley-like or X-valley-like, due to Γ or X electron localization in the wells formed by the GaAs, AlyGa1-yAs, or AlxGa1-xAs slabs. The Γ-valley-like states of GaAs wells in the Al0.3Ga0.7As/ AlAs/GaAs structure (the transition states for QWIP applications) have energies close to those of a simple AlAs/GaAs square superlattice when the number of AlAs layers is greater than 4. In addition to the GaAs well states, the results show that the X-valley-like bound states from the surrounding AlAs slabs consist of two closely spaced energy eigenvalues, the doublet splits when the two AlAs slabs become closer as the thickness of the intervening GaAs (or Al0.3Ga0.7As) slab is reduced. Band mixing is evident from the results obtained by varying the Al mol fraction of AlyGa1-yAs or AlxGa1-xAs barriers. Crossing and anticrossing behavior is noted at specific compositions x and y where states interfere. The energy-dispersive relations along wave vectors parallel to the interface have also been calculated. Curvatures differ due to the different effective masses of Γ-valley- and X-valley-like states.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2409-2419
Number of pages11
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume50
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994

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