Electrophysiological and speech perception measures of auditory processing in experienced adult cochlear implant users

Andrea S. Kelly*, Suzanne C. Purdy, Peter R. Thorne

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

108 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: This study determined the relationship between auditory evoked potential measures and speech perception in experienced adult cochlear implant (CI) users and compared the CI evoked potential results to those of a group of age- and sex-matched control subjects. Methods: CI subjects all used the Nucleus CI-22 implant. Middle latency response (MLR), obligatory cortical potentials (CAEP), mismatch negativity (MMN) and P3a auditory evoked potentials were recorded. Speech perception was evaluated using word and sentence tests. Results: Duration of deafness correlated with speech scores with poor scores reflecting greater years of deafness. Na amplitude correlated negatively with duration of deafness, with small amplitudes reflecting greater duration of deafness. Overall, N1 amplitude was smaller in CI than control subjects. Earlier P2 latencies were associated with shorter durations of deafness and higher speech scores. In general, MMN was absent or degraded in CI subjects with poor speech scores. Conclusions: Auditory evoked potentials are related to speech perception ability and provide objective evidence of central auditory processing differences across experienced CI users. Significance: Since auditory evoked potentials relate to CI performance, they may be a useful tool for objectively evaluating the efficacy of speech processing strategies and/or auditory training approaches in both adults and children with cochlear implants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1235-1246
Number of pages12
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Volume116
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2005

Keywords

  • Auditory evoked potential
  • Cochlear implant
  • Mismatch negativity
  • Speech perception

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