Electrophysiological, cognitive and clinical profiles of at -risk mental state

the longitudinal Minds in Transition (MinT) study

Philip B. Ward, W. Ross Fulham, Rebbekah J. Atkinson, Patricia T. Michie, Juanita Todd, Helen Stain, Robyn Langdon, Renate Thienel, Gavin Cooper, Ulrich Schall

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting abstract

Abstract

The onset of schizophrenia is typically preceded by a prodromal period lasting several years during which sub-threshold symptoms may be identified retrospectively. Clinical interviews are currently used to identify individuals who have an ultra-high risk (UHR) of developing a psychotic illness with a view to provision of interventions that prevent, delay or reduce severity of future mental health issues. The utility of bio-markers as an adjunct in the identification of UHR individuals is not yet established. Several event-related potential measures, especially mismatch-negativity (MMN), have been identified as potential biomarkers for schizophrenia. In this 12-month longitudinal study, demographic, clinical and neurocognitive data were acquired from 103 UHR and 65 healthy controls, of whom 81 UHR and 61 controls provided valid EEG data during passive and active auditory tasks at baseline. Despite widespread differences between UHR and controls on other measures [JT1], ERPs did not differ between these groups. MMN amplitude was modulated by age and the effects of cannabis, which is recognized as a risk factor for development of psychosis. Of 67 UHR at the 12-month follow-up, 7 (10%) had transitioned to a psychotic illness. The statistical power to detect differences between those who did or did not transition was limited by the lower than expected transition rate. ERPs did not predict transition, with trends in the opposite direction to that predicted. In exploratory analysis, the strongest predictors of transition were measures of verbal memory and subjective emotional disturbance. This study’s findings suggest caution is required when interpreting recent reports of reduced MMN and P3b in UHR groups. These findings are consistent with indications that abnormalities in these components are indicators of biological changes associated with illness onset as opposed to general vulnerability factors.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)136
Number of pages1
JournalInternational Journal of Psychophysiology
Volume108
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
EventWorld Congress of Psychophysiology of the International Organization of Psychophysiology (18th : 2016) - Havana, Cuba
Duration: 31 Aug 20164 Sep 2016

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