Although numerous herbs have been shown to have potent biological activity, edible herbs are more attractive in traditional medicine. Emblica officinalis, generally referred to as amla, is of particular interest due its enormous medicinal value. Amla is generally considered safe (GRAS) by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and has been authenticated by many pharmaceutical companies. In this chapter, we will discuss the origin of amla and its availability throughout the world as well as the chemical constituents of each part of the plant. We will also summarize the therapeutic efficacies of amla, including its anticancer, antihyperglycemic, antioxidant, cardioprotective,antipyretic, analgesic, antihyperchloresterolemic, and cytoprotective properties. In summary, inclusion of amla in a normal diet can alleviate a number of health hazards.