Emergence and degradation of squeezing in resonance fluorescence

Héctor M. Castro-Beltrán*, José R. Herrera-Garza, Levente Horvath

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contribution

Abstract

Using master equation and quantum Monte Carlo wavefunction approaches, we study the circumstances surrounding the emergence and degradation of the elusive squeezing of fluctuations in two-level atom resonance fluorescence. For its measurement we suggest conditional homodyne detection (CHD) [G.T. Foster, L.A. Orozco, H.M. Castro-Beltran, H.J. Carmichael, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, pp. 3149-3152, 2000], which is nearly independent of detector efficiencies, which have harmed previous attemps. Squeezing in resonance fluorescence requires a weak laser, so the average interval between emitted photons is much longer than the regression time to the steady state; here, the spectrum of the out-of-phase quadrature is a negative peak. In CHD, moderate fields generate a non-zero third-order correlation in the dipole fluctuations that contaminates squeezing, making the noise non- Gaussian. If the probability to emit two and even three close photons is still small the additional contribution is also negative, helping to make the full spectrum a bit larger and easier to measure. Strong driving spreads the photoemission distribution, which destroys squeezing, and the third order fluctuations become responsible for the non-classicality of the fluorescence.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication22nd Congress of the International Commission for Optics: Light for the Development of the World
EditorsRamón Rodríguez-Vera, Rufino Díaz-Uribe
Place of PublicationBellingham, Washington
PublisherSPIE
Pages1-8
Number of pages8
Volume8011
ISBN (Print)9780819485854
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Event22nd Congress of the International Commission for Optics: Light for the Development of the World - Puebla, Mexico
Duration: 15 Aug 201119 Aug 2011

Other

Other22nd Congress of the International Commission for Optics: Light for the Development of the World
CountryMexico
CityPuebla
Period15/08/1119/08/11

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