Emotional lingering: facial expressions of musical closure

William Forde Thompson, Rachel Bennetts, Bojan Neskovic, Caroline Palmer

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contributionpeer-review


    We report evidence that singers maintain emotional facial expressions after vocalization has terminated, introducing a form of emotional lingering. Emotional lingering extends and complements acoustic signals of emotion, providing a visual signal of musical closure. We first describe evidence from production studies that emotional facial expressions continue beyond the acoustic dimension of music. We next describe evidence that perceivers are sensitive to facial expressions that occur beyond the production of sound, and that such signals carry reliable emotional information. We note that audiovisual experiences of music are compatible with current understandings of multisensory integration in the central nervous system. As such, investigations of performance should include consideration of facial expressions and other performance gestures.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the Interntional Symposium on Performance Science 2009
    EditorsAaron Williamon, Sharman Pretty, Ralph Buck
    Place of PublicationUtrecht, The Netherlands
    PublisherAEC (European Association of Conservatories)
    Number of pages6
    ISBN (Print)9789490306014
    Publication statusPublished - 2009
    EventInterntional Symposium on Performance Science 2009 - Auckland
    Duration: 15 Dec 200918 Dec 2009


    ConferenceInterntional Symposium on Performance Science 2009


    • music cognition
    • emotion
    • singing
    • closure
    • facial expression


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