Emphatic segments and emphasis spread in Lebanese Arabic: a real-time magnetic resonance imaging study

Assaf Israel, Michael Proctor, Louis Goldstein, Khalil Iskarous, Shrikanth Narayanan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contributionpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Production of emphatic consonants by a speaker of Lebanese Arabic was examined using real-time magnetic resonance imaging (rtMRI). Emphatic consonants were found to be articulated with a lowered, more retracted tongue body than their nonempatic counterparts, with the narrowest emphatic constriction observed in the upper pharynx. Both progressive and regressive emphasis spread was observed; spreading was not blocked by an intervening palatal approximant [j]. Emphaticized segments exhibit similar retraction and depression, with magnitudes that vary depending on the direction of spreading. These data suggest that emphasis spread may operate in a phonetically complex way, not currently accounted for by phonological theory, and in addition, illustrate the advantage of real-time MRI as a method for studying emphasis in Semitic phonology.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication13th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association 2012, INTERSPEECH 2012
Place of PublicationRed Hook, NY
PublisherInternational Speech Communication Association
Pages2175-2178
Number of pages4
Volume3
ISBN (Print)9781622767595
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes
Event13th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association 2012, INTERSPEECH 2012 - Portland, OR, United States
Duration: 9 Sep 201213 Sep 2012

Other

Other13th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association 2012, INTERSPEECH 2012
CountryUnited States
CityPortland, OR
Period9/09/1213/09/12

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