Endoscopic approach after failure of open sinus procedures

Raymond Sacks, Larry Kalish

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Surgeons need to be familiar with the external surgical approaches including the indications and techniques in order to perform revision cases safely. • Every effort should be made to obtain a detailed knowledge of the previous surgery. • Potential for complications is greater due to the disruption of normal anatomy and pathways and greater likelihood of osteoneogenesis, adhesions, and breech of sinus boundaries compared to endoscopic surgery. • Image guidance is useful but does not compensate for lack of preoperative planning. • Always operate from known to unknown and always be vigilant that significant surgical defects can be found behind normal anatomy.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRevision Sinus Surgery
EditorsStilianos Kountakis, Joseph Jacobs, Jan Gosepath
Place of PublicationBerlin
PublisherSpringer, Springer Nature
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9783540789314
ISBN (Print)9783540789307
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes


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