The purpose of this paper is to briefly review the historical aspects and outcome of endoluminal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AM) repair and summarise two studies presented at the 1997 and 1998 meetings of the Society for Vascular Surgery. Between May 1992 and September 1998 the endoluminal method was used to repair arterial aneurysms in 304 patients at the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, a tertiary referral teaching hospital. The study focuses on 243 patients with true AAA who underwent primary repair. There were 17 females and 226 males with a mean age of 72 years. Co-morbidities leading to rejection for conventional open repair were present in 83 patients. The criteria for inclusion included a segment of thrombus-free aorta between the lowermost renal artery and the commencement of the aneurysm of 1.5 cm or greater and iliac arteries that allowed access to the aorta from the groin. The technique involved the delivery of an endograft into the abdominal aorta by means of a sheath inserted through the femoral or iliac artery. Laparotomy associated with conventional open repair was avoided. Outcome measures included clinical examination and contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) within 10 days, at 6. 12, 18 months after operation and then annually thereafter. Endografts were successfully deployed in 226 patients. In the remaining 17 patients endoluminal repair was converted to open repair. There were 8 deaths within 30 days of operation giving a perioperative mortality rate of 3.3%. The two studies presented to the Society for Vascular Surgery concern: (i) a concurrent comparison of the endoluminal versus open methods of treating AAA; and (ii) a comparison of adverse events following endoluminal repair of AAA during two consecutive periods of time.
- abdominal aortic aneurysm
- endovascular treatment