Energy-aware marine predators algorithm for task scheduling in IoT-based fog computing applications

Mohamed Abdel-Basset*, Reda Mohamed, Mohamed Elhoseny, Ali Kashif Bashir, Alireza Jolfaei, Neeraj Kumar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

119 Citations (Scopus)


To improve the quality of service (QoS) needed by several applications areas, the Internet of Things (IoT) tasks are offloaded into the fog computing instead of the cloud. However, the availability of ongoing energy heads for fog computing servers is one of the constraints for IoT applications because transmitting the huge quantity of the data generated using IoT devices will produce network bandwidth overhead and slow down the responsive time of the statements analyzed. In this article, an energy-aware model basis on the marine predators algorithm (MPA) is proposed for tackling the task scheduling in fog computing (TSFC) to improve the QoSs required by users. In addition to the standard MPA, we proposed the other two versions. The first version is called modified MPA (MMPA), which will modify MPA to improve their exploitation capability by using the last updated positions instead of the last best one. The second one will improve MMPA by the ranking strategy based reinitialization and mutation toward the best, in addition to reinitializing, the half population randomly after a predefined number of iterations to get rid of local optima and mutated the last half toward the best-so-far solution. Accordingly, MPA is proposed to solve the continuous one, whereas the TSFC is considered a discrete one, so the normalization and scaling phase will be used to convert the standard MPA into a discrete one. The three versions are proposed with some other metaheuristic algorithms and genetic algorithms based on various performance metrics such as energy consumption, makespan, flow time, and carbon dioxide emission rate. The improved MMPA could outperform all the other algorithms and the other two versions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5068-5076
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics
Issue number7
Early online date11 Jun 2020
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021


  • Energy
  • fog computing (FC)
  • makespan
  • marine predators algorithm (MPA)
  • metaheuristic
  • task scheduling


Dive into the research topics of 'Energy-aware marine predators algorithm for task scheduling in IoT-based fog computing applications'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this