Enforcing copyright infringements online: in search of balanced private international law rules

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Enforcement of copyright online and fighting online "piracy" is a high priority on the EU agenda. Private international law questions have recently become some of the most challenging issues in this area. Internet service providers are still uncertain how the Brussels I Regulation (Recast) provisions would apply in EU-wide copyright infringement cases and in which country they can be sued for copyright violations. Meanwhile, because of the territorial approach that still underlies EU copyright law, right holders are unable to acquire EU-wide relief for copyright infringements online. This article first discusses the recent CJEU rulings in the Pinckney and Hejduk cases and argues that the "access approach" that the Court adopted for solving jurisdiction questions could be quite reasonable if it is applied with additional legal measures at the level of substantive law, such as the targeting doctrine. Secondly, the article explores the alternatives to the currently established lex loci protectionis rule that would enable right holders to get EU-wide remedies under a single applicable law. In particular, the analysis focuses on the special applicable law rule for ubiquitous copyright infringements, as suggested by the CLIP Group, and other international proposals.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)132-145
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Intellectual Property, Information Technology, and Electronic Commerce Law
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

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  • copyright enforcement
  • targeting doctrine
  • copyright violations
  • lex loci protectionis


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