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Biphasic calcium phosphate ceramics (BCPs) have been extensively used as a bone graft in dental clinics to reconstruct lost bone in the jaw and peri-implant hard tissue due to their good bone conduction and similar chemical structure to the teeth and bone. However, BCPs are not inherently osteoinductive and need additional modification and treatment to enhance their osteoinductivity. The present study aims to develop an innovative strategy to improve the osteoinductivity of BCPs using unique features of zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 (ZIF8). In this method, commercial BCPs (Osteon II) were pre-coated with a zeolitic imidazolate framework-8/polydopamine/polyethyleneimine (ZIF8/PDA/PEI) layer to form a uniform and compact thin film of ZIF8 on the surface of BCPs. The surface morphology and chemical structure of ZIF8 modified Osteon II (ZIF8-Osteon) were confirmed using various analytical techniques such as XRD, FTIR, SEM, and EDX. We evaluated the effect of ZIF8 coating on cell attachment, growth, and osteogenic differentiation of human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hADSCs). The results revealed that altering the surface chemistry and topography of Osteon II using ZIF8 can effectively promote cell attachment, proliferation, and bone regeneration in both in vitro and in vivo conditions. In conclusion, the method applied in this study is simple, low-cost, and time-efficient and can be used as a versatile approach for improving osteoinductivity and osteoconductivity of other types of alloplastic bone grafts.
- Zeolitic imidazolate framework-8
- Metal organic thin film
- Bone regeneration
- Alloplastic bone grafts
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