Enhancing survival and subsequent infectivity of conidia of potential mycoherbistats using UV protectants

Feridon Ghajar, Paul Holford*, Eric Cother, Andrew Beattie

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ultraviolet radiation (UV) can reduce the effectiveness of fungi used for biological control; therefore, this study examined the photostabilising effect of water- and oil-soluble UV protectants on conidium germination of Plectosporium alismatis and Colletotrichum orbiculare, pathogens with potential as biocontrol agents, and the ability of conidia of C. orbiculare to cause disease. Formulation in riboflavin (1%), proline (1%), propyl gallate (1%), melanin (0.1%) and ascorbic acid (5%) increased the germination of UVB-exposed conidia of P. alismatis to levels found in the dark control without causing a delay in germination. Formulation in (a) pyridoxin (5%), (b) an nC24 mineral oil (5%), and (c) ECCO 1422 (5% in the mineral oil) also resulted in germination similar to the control but germination was delayed. Protection was provided to conidia of C. orbiculare treated with 1% aqueous solutions of proline and folic acid in vitro. Formulation of conidia of C. orbiculare in a 5% aqueous emulsion of the mineral oil and aqueous solutions of melanin (0.01%), proline and tyrosine (both at 1%) significantly increased anthracnose development above control levels on leaf discs of Xanthium spinosum exposed to UVB dose of 16.7 kJ m(-2). After exposure to natural sunlight at a UVB dose of 2.2 kJ m(-2), anthracnose development was greater on leaf discs inoculated with conidia of C. orbiculare formulated in 1% aqueous solutions of ascorbic acid (1%), proline (1%), tyrosine (1%) and melanin (0.01%), or in 5% aqueous emulsions of a canola-derived oil and the mineral oil than by conidia formulated in water alone. Therefore, a range of compounds can provide conidia with protection from UVB. Of these, propyl gallate and oils similar to the mineral oil are likely to be cost effective. Such formulations can be combined with suitable application times to increase mycoherbisitat efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)825-839
Number of pages15
JournalBiocontrol Science and Technology
Volume16
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Appressorium formation
  • Colletotrichum orbiculare
  • microcycle conidiation
  • Plectosporium alismatis
  • UV radiation
  • METARHIZIUM-FLAVOVIRIDE CONIDIA
  • RHYNCHOSPORIUM-ALISMATIS
  • ULTRAVIOLET-LIGHT
  • MOTH LEPIDOPTERA
  • BACULOVIRUS
  • INACTIVATION
  • RADIATION
  • EFFICACY
  • SUNLIGHT
  • LANCEOLATUM

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