Entropy-maximizing and the iterative proportional fitting procedure

R. J. Johnston, C. J. Pattie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


In a recent paper, Wong outlined the benefits of the IPF procedure, which he claimed had received little attention from geographers. This follow-up paper introduces a large literature, ignored by Wong, which uses that procedure, but within the context of another mathematical model. Its application is illustrated with new analyses of recent voting patterns in Great Britain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)317-322
Number of pages6
JournalProfessional Geographer
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1993


  • Entropy-maximizing
  • Great Britain
  • Iterative proportional fitting
  • Voting


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