Environmental capital and sustainable income: Basic concepts and empirical tests

Dodo J. Thampapillai, Hans Erik Uhlin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


Building on the basic tenet of environmental accounting, a simple Keynesian framework is adapted for the determination of sustainable income. The adaptation involves the formulation of linear as well as nonlinear frameworks of income determination. These frameworks are empirically demonstrated for the US economy by integrating standard macroeconomic data with macro-environmental data. The analysis includes the derivation of sustainable income paths and the evaluation of wages and technology/management policies for jointly achieving full employment and sustainable income. The results indicate efficiency improvements in the utilisation of environmental capital and possible convergence between the sustainable and actual income paths.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)379-394
Number of pages16
JournalCambridge Journal of Economics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 1997


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