Environmental life-cycle assessment and techno-economic analysis of photovoltaic (PV) and photovoltaic/thermal (PV/T) systems

M. A. Parvez Mahmud, Nazmul Huda, Shahjadi Hisan Farjana, Candace Lang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contribution

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This research paper addresses a detailed environmental life-cycle assessment (LCA) and techno-economic analysis of photovoltaic (PV) and photovoltaic/thermal (PV/T) systems. A comprehensive life-cycle inventory considering all inputs and outputs in constructing both systems is created to perform LCA for 21 environmental impact indicators. LCA has been carried out by several methods, using the SimaPro software. Moreover, the energy payback period (EPBP) and the Greenhouse gas (GHG) emission profile has been obtained for both systems. The outcomes reveal that the PV system possesses a superior environmental profile, smaller production cost and lower GHG emissions than the PV/T system. The economic viability of the PV system revealed a large EPBP of about 20 years, whilst the PV/T system is projected to have an EPBP of approximately 15 years. Overall, this investigation will help to abate the environmental impacts of PV and PV/T systems to employ their full potential.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationConference Proceedings 2018 IEEE International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering and 2018 IEEE Industrial and Commercial Power Systems Europe (EEEIC/I & CPS Europe)
Place of PublicationPiscataway, NJ
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Pages1-6
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781538651858
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Oct 2018
Event2018 IEEE International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering and 2018 IEEE Industrial and Commercial Power Systems Europe, EEEIC/I and CPS Europe 2018 - Palermo, Italy
Duration: 12 Jun 201815 Jun 2018

Conference

Conference2018 IEEE International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering and 2018 IEEE Industrial and Commercial Power Systems Europe, EEEIC/I and CPS Europe 2018
CountryItaly
CityPalermo
Period12/06/1815/06/18

Keywords

  • environmental impact analysis
  • life-cycle assessment
  • photovoltaic (PV) system
  • photovoltaic/thermal (PV/T) system
  • techno-economic analysis

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    Parvez Mahmud, M. A., Huda, N., Farjana, S. H., & Lang, C. (2018). Environmental life-cycle assessment and techno-economic analysis of photovoltaic (PV) and photovoltaic/thermal (PV/T) systems. In Conference Proceedings 2018 IEEE International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering and 2018 IEEE Industrial and Commercial Power Systems Europe (EEEIC/I & CPS Europe) (pp. 1-6). [8493967] Piscataway, NJ: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). https://doi.org/10.1109/EEEIC.2018.8493967