This study examines whether better environmental performance of a firm facilitates its access to bank loans in China and how state ownership and regional environmental pollution moderate this relationship. Using a sample of Chinese firms listed on the Shanghai or Shenzhen stock exchanges from 2007 to 2015, we find that better environmental performance is associated with greater access to bank loans, which is consistent with the predictions of risk-management theory. Furthermore, we find that the relationship between environmental performance and access to bank loans is weakened for state-owned firms and strengthened for firms operating in the regions with higher environmental pollution, suggesting that institutional factors play an important role when banks make lending decisions. Our results have implications for managers, policymakers, and banks in the transition to a green economy.
- Environmental performance
- access to bank loans
- environmental risk
- ownership structure
- regional environmental pollution