Environmental sustainability assessment of hydropower plant in Europe using life cycle assessment

M. A. P. Mahmud, N. Huda, S. H. Farjana, C. Lang

Research output: Contribution to journalConference paper

16 Citations (Scopus)
17 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Hydropower is the oldest and most common type of renewable source of electricity available on this planet. The end of life process of hydropower plant have significant environmental impacts, which needs to be identified and minimized to ensure an environment friendly power generation. However, identifying the environmental impacts and health hazards are very little explored in the hydropower processing routes despite a significant quantity of production worldwide. This paper highlight the life-cycle environmental impact assessment of the reservoir based hydropower generation system located in alpine and non-alpine region of Europe, addressing their ecological effects by the ReCiPe and CML methods under several impact-assessment categories such as human health, ecosystems, global warming potential, acidification potential, etc. The Australasian life-cycle inventory database and SimaPro software are utilized to accumulate life-cycle inventory dataset and to evaluate the impacts. The results reveal that plants of alpine region offer superior environmental performance for couple of considered categories: global warming and photochemical oxidation, whilst in the other cases the outcomes are almost similar. Results obtained from this study will take part an important role in promoting sustainable generation of hydropower, and thus towards environment friendly energy production.
Original languageEnglish
Article number012006
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Volume351
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2018
EventInternational Conference on Reliability Engineering (ICRE 2017) (2nd : 2017) - Milan, Italy
Duration: 20 Dec 201722 Dec 2017
Conference number: 2nd

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