Environmental sustainability assessment using dynamic Autoregressive-Distributed Lag simulations—Nexus between greenhouse gas emissions, biomass energy, food and economic growth

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Abstract

Increasing population demand has triggered the enhancement of food production, energy consumption and economic development, however, its impact on climate change has become a global concern. This study applied a novel environmental sustainability assessment tool using dynamic Autoregressive-Distributed Lag (ARDL) simulations for model estimation of the relationships between greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, energy, biomass, food and economic growth for Australia using data spanning from 1970 to 2017. The study found an inversed-U shaped relationship between energy consumption and income level, showing a decarbonized and services economy, hence, improved energy efficiency. While energy consumption increases emissions by 0.4 to 2.8%, biomass consumption supports Australia's transition to a decarbonized economy by reducing GHG emissions by 0.13% and shifts the demand for fossil fuel. Food and energy consumption underpin socio-economic development and vice versa. However, food waste from production and consumption increases ecological footprint, implying a lost opportunity to improve food security and reduce environmental pressure from agricultural production. There is no single path to achieving environmental sustainability, nonetheless, the integrated approach applied in this study reveals conceptual tools which are applicable for decision making.
LanguageEnglish
Pages318-332
Number of pages15
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume668
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jun 2019

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Gas emissions
Greenhouse gases
Sustainable development
economic growth
Biomass
greenhouse gas
sustainability
Energy utilization
Economics
food
simulation
economic development
ecological footprint
food consumption
food production
food security
integrated approach
energy efficiency
agricultural production
fossil fuel

Cite this

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title = "Environmental sustainability assessment using dynamic Autoregressive-Distributed Lag simulations—Nexus between greenhouse gas emissions, biomass energy, food and economic growth",
abstract = "Increasing population demand has triggered the enhancement of food production, energy consumption and economic development, however, its impact on climate change has become a global concern. This study applied a novel environmental sustainability assessment tool using dynamic Autoregressive-Distributed Lag (ARDL) simulations for model estimation of the relationships between greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, energy, biomass, food and economic growth for Australia using data spanning from 1970 to 2017. The study found an inversed-U shaped relationship between energy consumption and income level, showing a decarbonized and services economy, hence, improved energy efficiency. While energy consumption increases emissions by 0.4 to 2.8{\%}, biomass consumption supports Australia's transition to a decarbonized economy by reducing GHG emissions by 0.13{\%} and shifts the demand for fossil fuel. Food and energy consumption underpin socio-economic development and vice versa. However, food waste from production and consumption increases ecological footprint, implying a lost opportunity to improve food security and reduce environmental pressure from agricultural production. There is no single path to achieving environmental sustainability, nonetheless, the integrated approach applied in this study reveals conceptual tools which are applicable for decision making.",
keywords = "Australia, Autoregressive-Distributed Lag, Climate change, Cointegration, Dynamic modelling, Dynardl",
author = "Sarkodie, {Samuel Asumadu} and Vladimir Strezov and Haftom Weldekidan and Asamoah, {Ernest Frimpong} and Owusu, {Phebe Asantewaa} and Doyi, {Israel Nutifafa Yawo}",
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