Epistemological Blindness or Violence: Liberal Multiculturalism and the Indigenous Quest for Autonomy

Alejandra Gaitán-Barrera, Govand Khalid Azeez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

From 1960s onwards, liberal multiculturalism - from Iris M. Young's notion of a 'differentiated citizenship' or what Rodolfo Stavenhagen terms 'internal self-determination' to Will Kymlicka's multicultural citizenship and federacy arrangements, Arendt Lijphart's consociationalism and Rainer Bauböck's pluralist federation - has played a fundamental role in the recognition of difference as well as questioning the configuration of the nation-state as racially homogenous and administratively unified. So far, these liberal approaches have successfully addressed and accommodated some of the core political and cultural demands of religious and ethnic minorities. Yet, drawing on field research conducted in Chile and Nicaragua as well as a critical examination of this liberal canon on multiculturalism, this paper theorises that in the case of indigenous quests for autonomy, these approaches exude nothing but epistemological blindness, ignoring or dismissing alterity. At worst, they function as an epistemic violence that silences, incorporates and decontests synchronic alternative autonomist indigenous articulations.

LanguageEnglish
Pages184-201
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Intercultural Studies
Volume36
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Mar 2015

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blindness
multicultural society
citizenship
autonomy
violence
religious minority
Nicaragua
foreignness
federation
self-determination
field research
Chile
national minority
nation state
examination
Blindness
Multiculturalism
Epistemological
Autonomy
Citizenship

Cite this

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Epistemological Blindness or Violence : Liberal Multiculturalism and the Indigenous Quest for Autonomy. / Gaitán-Barrera, Alejandra; Azeez, Govand Khalid.

In: Journal of Intercultural Studies, Vol. 36, No. 2, 04.03.2015, p. 184-201.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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