Equatorial wave activity derived from fluctuations in observed convection

J. W. Bergman, M. L. Salby

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    106 Citations (Scopus)


    The spectrum of equatorial wave activity propagating vertically into the stratosphere is calculated from high-resolution imagery of the global convection pattern. Synoptic Global Cloud Imagery (GCI), constructed from six satellites simultaneously observing the earth, is used to diabatically force the linearized primitive equations. The dynamic response above the heating is evaluated globally in terms of a space-time spectrum of Hough modes, one which includes planetary-scale Kelvin waves, Rossby waves, and gravity waves down to the resolution of the GCL. The geopotential response, which is indicative of temperature fluctuations observed by satellite, is very red in frequency. Therefore, planetary-scale waves with periods longer than two days dominate the spectrum of geopotential, while high-frequency gravity waves make a comparatively small contribution. -from Authors

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3791-3806
    Number of pages16
    JournalJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences
    Issue number24
    Publication statusPublished - 1994


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