Error propagation property and application in cryptography

J. P. Pieprzyk*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The paper deals with the measurement of error propagation properties of Boolean functions and permutations. We have considered two such measurements. The first describes the output response when a single-bit input change occurs. The second characterises the output for double-bit changes. Those two measurements (termed indicators) have been applied to the permutations used in the DES and to the permutations generated by exponentiation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)262-270
Number of pages9
JournalIEE Proceedings E: Computers and Digital Techniques
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1989
Externally publishedYes


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