Three experiments were conducted to test the claim that the magnitude of the horizontal-vertical illusion in an L figure varies as a function of which component is used as standard. No difference was found in Experiment 1, in which a staircase procedure was used to establish the PSE. However, by the use of a method of adjustment, the magnitude of illusion was affected by the component used as standard in Experiment 2. The results of Experiment 3, in which a staircase procedure was used with S in upright and recumbent body postures, confirmed those of Experiment 1. It was concluded that earlier differences associated with the standard were a methodological accompaniment of the psychophysical technique used.