Estimation of aortic pulse wave velocity based on waveform decomposition of central aortic pressure waveform

Wenyan Liu, Yang Yao, Jinzhong Yang, Daiyuan Song, Yuelan Zhang, Guozhe Sun, Lisheng Xu*, Alberto Avolio

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Objective. Aortic stiffness is associated with risk of cardiovascular events. Carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) is the current noninvasive gold standard for assessing aortic stiffness. However, the cfPWV measurement is challenging, requiring simultaneous signals at the carotid and femoral sites. Approach. In this study, the aorticPWVis estimated using a single radial pressure waveform and compared with cfPWV. 111 subjects' aortic PWVs are estimated from the decomposition of the derived central aortic pressure waveform based on three types of reconstructed flow waveform: The peak of triangular flow waveform based on 30% ejection time (Q30%tri), the peak of triangular flow waveform based on inflection point (Qtri), and averaged flow waveform (Qavg). The central aortic pressure waveform is derived from a radial pressure waveform via a validated transfer function. Main results. TheQavg is used for estimating aorticPWVwithout the determination of the peak point of the triangular flow waveforms. The estimated aorticPWVshows good agreement with cfPWV. The mean difference ± SD is 0.29 ± 1.50ms-1 (r2 = 0.29, p<0.001) for theQ30%tri; 0.27 ± 1.40ms-1 (r2 = 0.38, p < 0.001) for theQtri; 0.23 ± 1.39ms-1 (r2 = 0.40, p < 0.001) for theQavg. The correlation between estimated aorticPWVbased onQ30%tri and measured cfPWV is weak. The results ofQtri andQavg show no obvious difference. Significance. The proposed method can be used as a less complex way than conventional measurement of cfPWV to further assess arterial stiffness and predict cardiovascular risks or events.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105001
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalPhysiological Measurement
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021


  • Aortic pulse wave velocity
  • Flow waveform reconstruction
  • Measured carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity
  • Noninvasive method
  • Radial pressure waveform


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