Ethical issues across the IDEAL stages of surgical innovation

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16 Citations (Scopus)


This paper identifies, analyses and discusses strategies for addressing ethical issues resulting from surgical innovation. This analysis underpins the newly included ethics related recommendations of the 2018 IDEAL Framework, which provides a structured approach to surgical innovation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-233
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of Surgery
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2019


  • conflicts of interest
  • ethics
  • IDEAL Framework
  • justice
  • patient safety
  • surgical innovation


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