Ethnopharmacological investigation of the spice Commelina appendiculata C.b. Clarke (Commelinaceae)

Pritesh Ranjan Dash, Nabila Morshed

Research output: Book/ReportBookpeer-review


The present study was intended to assess the plausible pharmacologic properties of the ethanol extract of Commelina appendiculata (EECA) (Family: Commelinaceae). We designed our experiments to find out analgesic, central nervous system (CNS) depressant, antidiarrheal and cytotoxic activities of the aforementioned extract. In the prospect to determine the analgesic activity, acetic acid-induced writhing, hot plate and tail immersion methods in swiss albino mice were conducted at the doses of 100 and 200 mg/kg body weight, p.o. In retrospective, both doses of the extract produced a noteworthy (p < 0.05 and p <0.001) pain-relieving action in a dose dependent manner. In acetic acid induced writhing method, EECA (200 mg/kg) resulted in the most significant analgesic activity with writhing inhibition of 76.27%; on the contrary, the standard drug Diclofenac-Na (25mg/kg) and Aspirin (100 mg/kg) showed 80.72% and 61.94% inhibition respectively. In regard to hot plate and tail immersion tests, similarly, inhibitions of nociceptive thermal stimulus by EECA (200 mg/kg) were maximum of 52.56% and 76.58% correspondingly. Morphine (5mg/kg, i.p.) was used as standard in the precedent study. CNS depressant activity of the extract (100 and 200 mg/kg, p.o.) was assessed by employing thiopental sodium-induced sleeping time model to evaluate sedative potential, hole cross to evaluate motor activity and open field test to estimate exploratory behavior. Consequently, the extract resulted in rapid onset and maximized duration of sleeping time when concomitantly administered with thiopental sodium. In addition, a reduction in motor action and exploratory conduct of mice in hole cross and open field test was found distinctly when treated with the extract (p < 0.05-0.001). In antidiarrheal activity study, the dose (200 mg/kg) likewise associated with most extreme inhibition of defecation (90.64% and 80.95%) in both models independently. Phytochemical screening of ethanol extract of C. appendiculata confirmed the presence of carbohydrates, flavonoids, tannins, glycosides and alkaloids. Notably, substantial level of lethality was found with EECA, involving LC50 value of 26.3 μg/ml, whereas the LC50 of vincristine sulphate was 0.52 μg/ml. The above results from the present study reveal the potential analgesic, central nervous system (CNS) depressant, antidiarrheal and cytotoxic properties of the ethanol extract of C. appendiculata. As a consequence, the plant may be further examined to refine its pharmacologically active natural ingredients.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationNorderstedt
PublisherGRIN Verlag
Number of pages75
ISBN (Electronic)9783668610743
ISBN (Print)9783668610750
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Commelina appendiculata
  • analgesic activity
  • central nervous system (CNS) depressant activity
  • antidiarrhoeal activity
  • cytotoxic activity
  • phytochemical screening


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