EVALUATION OF THE PREVALENCE OF DRUG AND ALCOHOL ABUSE IN MOTOR VEHICLE TRAUMA IN SOUTH WESTERN SYDNEY

Michael Sugrue*, Maria Seger, Glen Dredge, David J. Davies, Sue Ieraci, Adrian Bauman, Stephen A. Deane, David Sloane

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study estimated prospectively the prevalence of high drug and alcohol levels in road trauma cases who met the criteria for activation of the Liverpool Hospital's trauma team. Urine analysis of road trauma victims between October 1992 and October 1993 was undertaken for drug and alcohol estimation. A total of 164 drivers were studied. A urine alcohol concentration (UAC) exceeding 0.08 g/dL was detected in 27 drivers (16.5%). Cannabinoids were detected in the urine of 25 drivers (15.2%). in 17 the concentrations exceeded 400 ng/mL. In one instance amphetamine, cocaine and heroin were detected in the same injured driver. Combined use of alcohol with some other drugs was detected in only four drivers. Alcohol and cannabinoid levels were prevalent in the urine of injured drivers in this study, particularly in young males who remain over‐represented in the group of injured drivers. In the population surveyed other drugs were rarely detected. The role of cannabinoids in road trauma and the use of cannabinoids in young male drivers will however need to be monitored more extensively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)853-856
Number of pages4
JournalAustralian and New Zealand Journal of Surgery
Volume65
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cannabinoids
  • road trauma.

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