Evidence-based landscape rehabilitation through microclimate sensing

Branislav Kusy, Christian Richter, Siddartha Bhandari, Raja Jurdak, Victor J. Neldner, Michael R. Ngugi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contribution

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Increasing human population, economical development, and industrialization of our society lead to disturbance of natural ecosystems. To prevent long-term damage of the environment, the affected ecosystems need to be rehabilitated to a sustainable form after industrial operations cease. Environment rehabilitation is a long-term process that is complex and costly as it includes restoration of soil, water bodies, and reintroduction of plant, insect, and animal species. We present a wireless sensor network for evidence-based rehabilitation of disturbed natural ecosystems. Drawing on our case study of an open-cut surface mine in rural Australia, we show that microclimate data can provide insights into the efficiency of specific rehabilitation processes, disentangle the impact of microclimate on the rehabilitation success, and provide early indicators into potential rehabilitation problems. We worked with ecologists to provide domain-based advice on addressing a range of rehabilitation problems and developed a system that periodically generates reports on the rehabilitation status of areas of interest. The report incorporates data from expert surveys from the field and microclimate data from sensors, and provides recommendations to improve rehabilitation in under-performing areas. Such evidence-based assessment of rehabilitation is an important step towards ensuring compliance with set rehabilitation objectives, potentially leading to both more successful and less costly environment rehabilitation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2015 12th Annual IEEE International Conference on Sensing, Communication, and Networking
Subtitle of host publicationSECON 2015
Place of PublicationPiscataway, NJ
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Pages372-380
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9781467373319, 9781467373302
ISBN (Print)9781467373326
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Nov 2015
Externally publishedYes
Event12th Annual IEEE International Conference on Sensing, Communication, and Networking, SECON 2015 - Seattle, United States
Duration: 22 Jun 201525 Jun 2015

Other

Other12th Annual IEEE International Conference on Sensing, Communication, and Networking, SECON 2015
CountryUnited States
CitySeattle
Period22/06/1525/06/15

Keywords

  • Ecosystems
  • Government
  • Meteorology
  • Sensor phenomena and characterization
  • Vegetation
  • Wireless sensor networks

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