Evidence for H2O-bearing fluids in the lower mantle from diamond inclusion

M. Palot*, S. D. Jacobsen, J. P. Townsend, F. Nestola, K. Marquardt, N. Miyajima, J. W. Harris, T. Stachel, C. A. McCammon, D. G. Pearson

*Corresponding author for this work

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30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, we report the first direct evidence for water-bearing fluids in the uppermost lower mantle from natural ferropericlase crystal contained within a diamond from São Luíz, Brazil. The ferropericlase exhibits exsolution of magnesioferrite, which places the origin of this assemblage in the uppermost part of the lower mantle. The presence of brucite–Mg(OH)2 precipitates in the ferropericlase crystal reflects the later-stage quenching of H2O-bearing fluid likely in the transition zone, which has been trapped during the inclusion process in the lower mantle. Dehydration melting may be one of the key processes involved in transporting water across the boundary between the upper and lower mantle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-243
Number of pages7
JournalLithos
Volume265
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Brucite
  • Deep water cycle
  • Dehydration melting
  • Diamond
  • Ferropericlase
  • Lower mantle
  • Magnesioferrite

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    Palot, M., Jacobsen, S. D., Townsend, J. P., Nestola, F., Marquardt, K., Miyajima, N., ... Pearson, D. G. (2016). Evidence for H2O-bearing fluids in the lower mantle from diamond inclusion. Lithos, 265, 237-243. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lithos.2016.06.023