Evolution of microgrids with converter-interfaced generations: challenges and opportunities

Md Alamgir Hossain*, Hemanshu Roy Pota, Md Jahangir Hossain, Frede Blaabjerg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

184 Citations (Scopus)


Although microgrids facilitate the increased penetration of distributed generations (DGs) and improve the security of power supplies, they have some issues that need to be better understood and addressed before realising the full potential of microgrids. This paper presents a comprehensive list of challenges and opportunities supported by a literature review on the evolution of converter-based microgrids. The discussion in this paper presented with a view to establishing microgrids as distinct from the existing distribution systems. This is accomplished by, firstly, describing the challenges and benefits of using DG units in a distribution network and then those of microgrid ones. Also, the definitions, classifications and characteristics of microgrids are summarised to provide a sound basis for novice researchers to undertake ongoing research on microgrids.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)160-186
Number of pages27
JournalInternational Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019


  • Converter-based microgrids
  • Distribution networks
  • Renewable energy sources
  • Definitions of microgrids and distributed generation units


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